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Eczema: Triggers, Symptoms, and Effective Treatments


Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by red, itchy, and inflamed skin patches that can be both uncomfortable and distressing. Understanding the triggers, symptoms, and effective treatments for eczema is crucial for managing this condition effectively.


  • Allergens: Common allergens like pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and mold can trigger eczema flare-ups. Identifying and minimizing exposure to these allergens can help manage symptoms.
  • Irritants: Harsh soaps, detergents, and certain fabrics like wool can irritate the skin and exacerbate eczema. Opting for hypoallergenic products and soft, breathable fabrics can make a significant difference.
  • Stress: Emotional stress or anxiety can lead to flare-ups or worsen existing eczema symptoms. Practicing stress-reducing techniques like mindfulness, yoga, or meditation can help manage this trigger.
  • Weather: Extreme temperatures, particularly cold and dry weather, can lead to skin dryness and aggravate eczema. Using a humidifier in dry environments and applying moisturizers regularly can help maintain skin hydration.
  • Foods: Although less common, certain foods can trigger eczema in some individuals. Common culprits include dairy, eggs, nuts, and gluten. Keeping a food diary and consulting a healthcare provider can help identify and manage dietary triggers.


  • Itching: Intense itching is a hallmark symptom of eczema. The urge to scratch can lead to further skin damage and increase the risk of infection.
  • Red, Inflamed Skin: Eczema patches are typically red and swollen and may ooze or crust over. These patches can appear anywhere on the body, depending on the individual.
  • Dryness and Scaling: The affected skin areas often become dry, rough, and scaly. This can cause discomfort and contribute to itchiness.
  • Blisters and Cracks: In severe cases, eczema can lead to blisters or painful cracks in the skin. These areas are particularly vulnerable to infection.
  • Disrupted Sleep: Itching and discomfort can make it difficult for individuals with eczema to get a good night's sleep, further exacerbating the condition.


  • Topical Steroids: These are the most commonly prescribed medications for eczema. They work by reducing inflammation and controlling itching. It's essential to use them under the guidance of a healthcare provider to avoid potential side effects.
  • Emollients and Moisturizers: Regularly applying emollients helps to lock in moisture and create a protective barrier on the skin. Opt for fragrance-free, hypoallergenic options for best results.
  • Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors: These medications are non-steroidal and work by suppressing the immune response in the skin. They are particularly useful for sensitive areas like the face and neck.
  • Antihistamines: These can help alleviate itching, especially at night, and promote better sleep. Non-drowsy options are available for daytime use.
  • Phototherapy: Controlled exposure to ultraviolet light under medical supervision can help reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms.
  • Biologic Medications: In severe cases, biologic drugs that target specific immune system responses may be prescribed. These are usually reserved for cases that haven't responded to other treatments.

Managing eczema requires a comprehensive strategy that encompasses identifying and steering clear of triggers, establishing a steadfast skincare regimen, and employing suitable medications, all under the expert guidance of a dermatologist like Dr. Sanchit Talwar. At Talwar Skin Clinic in Chandigarh and Skin Rejuv in Ludhiana, Dr. Talwar provides specialized care, offering proactive measures tailored to the unique needs of individuals grappling with eczema. Through proactive measures and Dr. Sanchit Talwar's specialized care, individuals living with eczema can find relief and enjoy a high quality of life, effectively mitigating the impact of this persistent condition.

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About Doctor

1104, Sector 34C Rd,

Sector 34C, Sector 34,

Chandigarh, 160022

Opening Hours

Monday to Saturday

10:30 am to 7:00 pm

Sunday - Closed.

Skin Rejuv G10-1/2,Ferozepur Road, 


Opening Hours

Monday to Saturday

10:00 am to 7:00 pm

Sunday - Closed.